Rambling Tuesdays: What do I look for in animation?

Anime (and animation in general) to me is a way of telling a story through limitless visuals and sound. Unlike live action, animators have full control over literally everything you see on screen and can more easily have full control over each frame than would be possible in live action. Since this is what is so unique to animation, this is what I look for in a good anime.

When I finish an anime I always ask myself the following: “Could that story have been told that well or better in any other medium?” Most of the time the answer is yes, as the show either has elements which would work perfectly fine in live action or as the anime itself was already an adaptation of a much better source material. But it’s those few special shows or movies that force me to answer ‘no’ that are truly special.

I once read a piece of work by the animator Richard Willams where he claims the main animation dictum is the following:

Don’t do what a camera can do – do what a camera cannot do.

And I think this perfectly encompasses what I have been trying to say here. The works that truly succeed and are considered masterpieces are the ones which push the boundaries and create something which could not exist in live action.


I hope you liked this shorter form blog post. It’s something I plan on doing quite a bit where I take a small idea I have been wanting to talk about for a while which may go beyond the topics of anime and manga, which I usually talk about, and put it in a more focused post by itself. I hope to due future rambles about visual novels or behind the scenes looks at animation studios.


I will be watching… (Summer 2017)

It’s almost upon us… Summer 2017! The most wonderful time of the year. I’m quietly cautious about this season as there’s not that much for me personally to get hyped for. Usually there are a few sequels or a few manga adaptations I’ve been waiting for (as was the case in the winter) but looking through the titles which will be coming out in just under two weeks I’m not sure if there’s too much for me to pick up. Alas, this is what I will be watching although I’m sure that after the first week I will have culled at least a third of this list.

  • A Centaur’s Life – This is one where I read the first three manga volumes of just over a year ago and completely fell in love with its charm. The series is like a blend between Demi-chan wa Kataritai and Oshiete! Galko-chan where it focuses on monster girls as they go through puberty and start thinking about their adult lives. I fully expect it to be a short series but I can’t find any information on how long each episode will be. Just like Oshiete! Galko-chan I can’t really find anybody else talking about this or see them paying much attention to it which is a shame.
  • Ballroom e Youkoso – A sports show? Sign me up. A sports show who’s sport is ballroom dancing? Sign me the fuck up. *Please be good please be good*. I have absolutely no doubt the only reason the manga got an anime adaptation was due to the success of Yuri on Ice but I just hope this show is able to bring something new to the table and improve on where Yuri on Ice went wrong. Also Production I.G is the studio behind it and I have complete confidence that they know what they’re doing with sports shows what with Kuroko no Basuke, Haikyuu, Diamond no Ace and Prince of Tennis all under their belt.
  • Dive!! – Look, I don’t have a sports bias I promise. A swimming show featuring cute boys. No, it’s not Free. I’m mainly watching this to see if it can provide a semi-decent story and beautiful animation. If it turns out to be a sub-par version of Free which is only marketed at fangirls then it’ll be an immediate drop. Plus I don’t like anything the studio has made so I’m not expecting perfection.
  • Isekai Shokudou – Seems from it’s synopsis to be a rather charming slice of life show about other worldly creatures coming to this restaurant, however I can’t find it being described as a slice of life anywhere. To my surprise and immense interest one of its genre tags is ‘mystery’. I would have picked this up for the slice of life aspect anyway but this has just made the whole series seem ten times more intriguing.
  • Isekai wa Smartphone to Tomo ni. – Oh great, another one of the ‘oh no I’m trapped in another world and all these cute girls flock to me like I’m the second coming of Jesus Kirito’ shows. I’m told that the light novel is a lot more of a parody of the genre, like KonoSuba which in a way makes me a little more critical. It looks like a lot of the shows this season have only been made because of the recent successes of series which are like them. Again this is another one which I will have to drop if it doesn’t do anything unique or just becomes a poor man’s KonoSuba. 
  • Kakegurui – Okay so this is something I am genuinely looking forward to. The show is set in a strange school with very high stakes and teaches its students using a very unique curriculum (nothing unique about it so far…) which focuses on gambling. Think Food Wars but with gambling. The show has the potential to be something truly smart and, if done the way I think it will be done, could be in the running for anime of the season.
  • Keppeki Danshi! Aoyama-kun – Look, I swear I watch things other than sports shows. It seems like a much more comedic show, however, and I think it will be more just about the titular character and his wacky personality. Optimistic for this one to deliver on its promise to be first a foremost a comedy show with the sports aspect as a platform for the comedy.
  • Koi to Uso – Simple romance anime in a school blah blah blah. What’s that? Once you turn sixteen the government chooses who your ‘mate’ will be? Sign me right up. I just hope it’s not melodrama. If it is a melodrama then it really doesn’t need to have such a unique and interesting plot like this. Please don’t devolve into the depths of shojo hell.
  • Made in Abyss – This wasn’t on my radar at all and to be honest I had no idea it existed until I watched the PV. Boy am I glad I watched that. It’s an adorable adventure story focusing on an orphan girl and the boy robot she finds in a cave. By god does it look charming.
  • New Game!! (Sequel) – Possibly the only ‘safe’ pick I have for this season. If this season of the show can capture even a sliver of what made the previous season so fun and charming then this’ll be a contender for anime of the season, especially with what little competition  it has.


Yup that’s it for TV series. I may pick up some new stuff depending on if they’re pleasant surprises or depending on availability in my country. Some of these series will definitely be dropped along the way also. Oh god did I name ten series. I did. Did I just inadvertently make a top ten list?
In terms of films I’ll be trying to look out for opportunities to watch the new No Game No Life movie and Mary to Majo no Hana which looks like something I would expect from Studio Ghibli.

Yowamushi Pedal is unable to portray excitement

I love sports shows. I love the characters in Yowamushi Pedal and as such I find myself liking the series quite a bit. The large portion of the races are fun and dramatic, especially when we see new tactics or abilities of players we have not seen a lot from before. Its biggest selling point to sports anime fans is that it focuses on a unique sport not often seen in anime (if at all) and as such is supposed to provide a new brand of excitement and intrigue when showing the sport.

Unfortunately, it fails.

The way the show portrays the important showdowns between its characters or the ‘nail-biting’ finish to a race is by zooming in on the characters somehow moving their legs even faster than before and then cutting to close-ups of their faces as they shout in anguish for a few minutes and then finally cutting to a shot of one of their bikes making it over the finish line. For me, the most exciting parts of the show are during the middle of the race and leading up to the finish line where it shows subtle gear changes, posture changes or inner monologues to clue the viewer into what is happening. Even the finale of the sprint and mountain mini-races do it better than the overall finale as at least then all the characters taking part actually have unique, well-established riding styles such as Makishima’s spider-like posture and Onoda’s high cadence. These scenes are a lot more interesting because they take their time in setting up a conclusion where we can understand the reasoning why one of the characters won and understand their strengths and weaknesses when matched up against one another. Unlike the big finales of races they do not devolve into shouting matches and the viewer is often left wondering why a certain rider actually won. We are given little in the way of explanations behind the abilities of the teams’ aces and why a particular one won on any given race. To be honest, I’d even take a small exposition dump at the end of a race by one of the characters if it explained just why what happened happened. Because no matter which team got advantages during the race it always somehow becomes neck-and-neck up to the finish line.
Why? Is it because the show doesn’t know how to produce enough hype around the ending? Is it because the characters fail to get enough development in the source material for the show to make their wins seem satisfying or their losses seem devastating? Other sports shows, such as Haikyuu, do a great job of making us feel sorry for even teams when they lose, even ones that make up the supporting cast. But it doesn’t help when Yowamushi Pedal can’t even give arguably its most important character enough development or explanation of his abilities to make us understand what’s going on. This is of course, Shingo who is the one who (at least for the first two seasons) is the captain and person the rest of the team tries to get in a good position so that he can finish the race in first place. The team constantly talks about how important it is to get him in the best possible position to finish the race. So much focus is put on the actual journey that hardly any is put on the ending. I can’t tell you for the life of me what Shingo’s abilities are and why he is touted as the most important rider on his team. Actually, y’know what, I’ll look on the wiki and see if there’s anything on there which explains all this. Bear with me…

He is known as the “Snake of the Stone Path” (sekidou no hebi) due to his determination to tail and overtake opponents. His perseverance has also earned him the nickname of the “Man Who Will Never Give Up” (zettai ni akiramenai otoko). He has impressive bike maneuverability, illustrated when he makes a tight U-turn while riding at full speed in order to catch Onoda from falling onto the gutter. He controls his bike like it’s an extension of his own body.

– Yowamushi Pedal Wiki, Kinjou Shingo

This tells me nothing. It explains nothing. The biggest takeaways are that he has determination and is good at moving his bike. That’s the exact same as everyone else in this goddamn series. See, the show knows this. It knows we have no reason to believe he could ever be considered special in this series or that he could win a race if his competitors had actual abilities so the show hides this by ass-pulling scenarios where he can catch up and devolve into shaky animation and loud music/voice acting to create the illusion of excitement. It also makes sure that his rival captain/ace is just as underdeveloped as he is and that the antagonist of the series – Midousuji – gets completely neutered by the end of the race even though the show spent a good majority of the second series building him up as the strongest racer there.

That’s my other problem with the show and how it doesn’t portray excitement in its finale: the lack of real competitors. I’ll use two of my favourite sport anime as examples – Kuroko no Basuke and Haikyuu. In Kuroko no Basuke there are a good six well-established teams which have a real shot at winning before going into it’s final competition and in Haikyuu there are four or five teams well established as strong and have had their team strengths showcased before going into the big tournament. In Yowamushi Pedal there’s the three aces who only come into play at the very end of each race. Granted Midousuji is a larger player in the whole of season two but really just breaks before the finale so that the two main teams are really the only ones in proper contention.

Don’t misunderstand me here though, I am not saying that you are wrong to like this show or that you are wrong to think that it cannot provide entertainment. I have conceded at the start that there are major things in the show that I like. It’s just that whilst viewing it a second time round in preparation for the third season that I noticed just how uninteresting the show becomes near the finale of races, near where it has no choice but to focus on its least interesting and most underdeveloped characters and where it uses still frames and jump cuts instead of the fluid and overall much cooler animation for other parts.

In defence of slice of life and why they’re not the same as comedies

Ah slice of life. The genre in anime which is as over-saturated as it is criticised. Most of these criticisms boil down to “well, nothing happens it doesn’t have a story” or something else which irritates me to no end: “the comedy in these shows aren’t funny.” NO. Stop. You’re putting forth a very specific criticism for a slice of life show that happens to also be a comedy. You are not criticising the slice of life genre as a whole.

My own personal definition of a slice of life show is one that has to be propelled forwards by its cast. The story has to be very character driven and spend most of its time getting us so attached to the characters, their relationships with each other and the fun/struggles/drama that comes in their daily lives that we want to watch the next episode of the show and also the next episode of their lives. Good slice of life shows have made me want to continue experiencing the journey of these characters in the next part of their lives and so it’s not strange that some of my favourite overall casts in shows have been those belonging to slice of life ones. The other part of this would be that the show also shouldn’t have that much of an overarching plot. Now I know that this seems like I am trying to agree with the stereotype that ‘slice of life has no plot’ but hear me out when I mean overarching. Having a story is fine, and necessary, but the story arcs should be just that – story arcs. They should be about our characters and each episode should try and further their small arcs until we reach their conclusion at the end of the show. These arcs could be concluded all by the same event or decision which the show has been leading up to and this can give the illusion that there is an overarching plot and give the illusion that the show is not in fact slice of life but these loose ‘plot devices’ (I use this term for a lack of better words to convey what I want to say) are just tools to wrap up the character stories in a fitting conclusion that feels satisfying to the viewer.

I’m aware these two requirements are very loose and could include shows that you and the majority of people do not agree are slice of life shows and exclude shows which are marketed as slice of life. But I’ll be happy to show you exactly what I mean by using a few examples:

  • Clannad and Clannad: After Story – Not comedy shows and are more focused on the drama and romance between the characters and use it’s supernatural story elements to facilitate the character’s arcs.
  • Kokoro Connect – I like to consider this show a lesser Clannad as I would explain it in exactly the same way as I explained Clannad. About the characters. Uses its supernatural story elements (the characters switching bodies) to further the characters in their understanding of each other. Also not a comedy although has comedic moments.
  • Cowboy Bebop – Yeah. Don’t get angry. I know Cowboy Bebop has what many would consider a ‘main story’ across it’s largely episodic run but this is mainly pushed to the sidelines for most of the show. I believe there is only around six or seven episodes that actually focus on this ‘main story’. The rest of the episodes exist to show us literal slices of the characters’ lives and the main takeaway at the end of an episode is that the episode was just a small event in the life of the characters. That they will live their lives out as normal. That they have seen this shit all before. Not a comedy.
  • Mushishi and Natsume – I pair these together as they largely have the same style of telling their stories. Again very episodic which contributes to the feeling that we are only seeing portions of the lives of our main characters. Lacks an overall story other than the general premise of the series and is more focused on the characters’ individual stories. Natsume more than Mushishi does start to focus on the relationships between the title character and the supporting cast as this is part of his character arc. Also not comedies.
  • Nana – I mean c’mon. Nana practically wrote the book on how to create interesting characters and using them to create a character driven story. Not really a comedy although it’s labelled as one.

I think I’ve made my point here. Another interesting thing to point out is that all of the shows I used as examples here are often touted as some of if not the best slice of life anime in existence (with the exception of Cowboy Bebop and Kokoro Connect which doesn’t have nearly as much praise as the others on this list). And they’re also not comedy shows. So we have five of the best slice of life series of all time and they just happen to not focus on comedy and also happen to have a lot of story to them. That seems strange for a genre where “nothing happens other than comedy”. Granted, the genre does have an immense over-saturation of school comedies without a plot but these are unfortunate by-products and should not be used to define a whole genre of worthwhile shows. Hell I’ve seen at least one of Clannad, Nana or Mushishi on practically everyone’s favourite anime of all time lists. The genre must be good for something.

Who made me love anime?

Why’s there a picture of a frog? Surely a frog didn’t make me love anime. Well, for the unfortunate ones amongst you who don’t recognise who that is, I’ll give you an introduction: that little frog is The Gamma Planetary System, the 58th Planet, Space Invasion Army Special Tactics Platoon Leader, Sergeant Keroro (oh yeah, it’s one of those anime). And he is the reason I fell in love with anime.

You hear other people’s stories about anime start pretty similar with how they just accidentally started watching Yuu Yuu Hakusho, Dragon Ball, One Piece or any other of the big shounens. I think I must be the only person in the world who got introduced to the wonders of anime through a wacky green alien who would rather build his next Gundam toy than take over the world. The show wonderfully parodies the sci-fi genre and is honestly a breathe of fresh air when I watch it after experiencing a lot of these dark super serious creaturetakesovertheworld-type shows. Despite the show near the end of it’s run having 20-odd characters that appear in each episode the cast never feels overly bloated. The show really takes it’s time introducing each member of Keroro’s crew and the aliens and humans they befriend and each member of the cast shines whenever they are on screen. Even if all the episode focuses on is the supporting cast being shrunken so they can found out why Keroro has a toothache, it gives each character something to do that furthers their individual arc, show off their unique abilities and makes full use of the world it has built. Ever aspect of the show is fleshed out to it’s fullest and you never feel like you’re struggling to remember who a certain character is or what their relationship is with the other members of the cast.

Sometimes it seems like I’m the only person in the world to even have watched the show. It breaks my heart every time I see the number of people on MAL to have watched the anime or read the manga.


The first experience I had with Keroro and the cast were in the manga, strangely. That seems like a bit of a cop-out to say that I got into anime through manga, doesn’t it? I’ll probably write another post about how I got into manga in that case. It’s more of an interesting story/love-hate relationship. Sgt Frog (the English name of Keroro Gunso) was one of the first manga I actually bought a hard copy of and kept on buying the volumes until Tokyopop’s shutdown in 2011 meant I couldn’t find it anywhere. My thirst for more Keroro was satisfied once I found out that there was a long running TV show adaptation which had been airing episodes since 2004. After I binge-watched the whole series (all 350+ episodes) I knew I had found a medium that was special: Japanese cartoons. It wasn’t for another year until I found out they’re actually called anime and that anyone in the community will skin you alive if they hear you calling them cartoons. My journey into anime continued as I watched Polar Bear Cafe (twice), Chi’s Sweet Home and Shugo Chara. Looking back these three were less than stellar series but I absolutely adored them and I still feel a bit of nostalgia just typing their names, even if I no longer watch magical girl shows like Shugo Chara.

I think it must have been a short while after watching shows like those that I realised what shounens, shojos, etc. were and the differences between them. I started to think back to what I liked the most about Keroro Gunso; comedy and action. Thus started my love affair with shounen series. I vividly remember going through the action category on Crunchyroll and randomly clicking series that looked cool from the poster art. Shows like Reborn!, Eyeshield 21, Kuroko no Basuke and regrettably (*sigh* don’t judge I was young and everything was cool back then) Uta no Prince-sama. I’m embarrassed to say that I still watch that last one whenever a new series airs (which is almost every year at this poin- wait, what was that? They’re doing a season FIVE? Oh for fucks sake. Yes, of course I’ll be watching it).

But it was Kuroko no Basuke that truly became my second love in anime and almost shaped my real life in a way I would never have expected. It inspired me to play basketball and there was a brief time where I considered trying to make basketball into a future career. Alas times changed, however the magic of the show is still present whenever I turn on a sports anime and wish to be inspired like I was with Kuroko. Unfortunately Kuroko and friends never reached the same heights as Keroro and friends did upon further inspection. Perhaps if, like Keroro, the show labelled itself as a parody of the sports genre, what it did near the end with it’s characters would be considered clever. Instead near the end of the show Kuroko no Basuke turned into a mess of flashy lights and superpowers.

Now, this isn’t to say that when I look back on those first few anime I don’t feel overwhelming happiness and nostalgia, just that I’ve matured as a viewer. I don’t try and look at everything through only a critical lens but I know what a show has to do by now to make me ignore its flaws. It has to make me immersed. If I am so attached to the characters and the world that I’ll even watch a shitty adobe flash remake of the anime (I’m looking at you Keroro 2014) then you know you’ve done something right.


Visual Comedy in Anime

Cromartie High School is one of the best comedy shows I have ever watched. Period. It isn’t particularly popular nor is it spoken about all that much. Whenever I see a discussion about recommendations for comedy anime it always flies under the radar and is rarely even touched on by prominent voices in the anime community. The show itself had an appalling animation budget (which is obvious just from seeing a few screenshots of it) and as such looks worst than some shows made in the 90s despite airing in late 2003.
So why make this grand claim? Why even bring it up at all? It’s because Cromartie is a perfect example of a form of comedy which is rarely done right in anime: visual comedy.

“But wait then what’s non-visual comedy? Anime is a visual form of entertainment how are all comedy anime not classed as this!” I get this, honestly I do. You’re right to think it – anime is a visual medium so surely every form of comedy anime is visual comedy, right? But that’s where something unique about anime comes into play: the language. Y’know, I’m gonna make an even grander claim than before: Visual comedy transcends language barriers.
There are people out there in the community who just don’t like comedy anime. And no, it’s not because they’re boring people with no personality or sense of humour. It’s just that the vast majority of anime comedies (like comedies in film, TV, etc.) get their laughs through jokes which the characters tell. The problem is that these jokes can be play on words which, once translated, make no sense to the English viewer. But even when the jokes aren’t playing on the Japanese language; subtitles still ruin comedic timing and in dubbed versions the voice actors sometimes don’t get the tone of the punch line right. Even if just reading the subtitles can make an anime funny there is still a feeling that we’ve been cheated. If we just wanted to read something funny we could have just read a book. The audio and visuals which come with the anime often are wasted as the viewer either doesn’t understand the audio, isn’t paying attention to the visuals, or the series is completely neglecting the importance of visuals in the comedy.

The comedic masterpieces are the ones which can take full advantage of the medium they are a part of and can tell a joke without any or little dialogue. In my part of the world (Great Britain) I can thank of the likes of Rowan Atkinson and Edgar Wright for introducing me to what smart visuals can do to a comedy. In terms of visual anime, alongside Cromartie are shows which are considered by the community as some of the best comedies the medium has to offer (which sort of proves my point in itself). These are the likes of Nichijou, Space Dandy, Golden Boy and of course Gintama.

Originally I planned this to be more of a focused look at what makes Cromartie in particular so great but somewhere down the line took a turn to become a more general post about similar comedy shows.

Seriously though, I highly recommend you go watch Cromartie High School (even though it’s near impossible to watch legally unless you buy it). It’s been classed as one of the strangest anime ever and while I think that’s a bit of a stretch, you can tell the amount of fun that went into making this show and how there’s not one frame that’s wasted. I can only praise Production I.G’s staff for using the show’s low budget to their advantage and creating a master-class in visual comedy.

Diving in

It’s clichéd to start with an introduction post, isn’t it? After all, who’s going to bother to read it, I don’t have any traffic at this moment nor do people have any reason to care. To you reading this I am just another wannabe anime/manga blogger who may write a few mediocre pieces on whatever the recent shows are and then disappear off the face of the earth once I realised I didn’t have the time/care to keep it up.


You’re not wrong.

I can’t promise anything and even if I did I doubt anybody would believe anything I said, after all I did the very thing I told myself not to do when creating this blog: write an introduction post. Until I realised that there was no other way of diving into this strange form of communicating I had never dipped my toe into before. I mean, I often participate in the odd informal discussion on forums and I used to be a big fan of ‘livetweeting’ but never something where I could lay all my ideas out bare for whomever to see. Never have I had that anyone critically analyse my critical analysis or review my reviews. It’s like looking out over an ocean when your whole life you’ve been living in a swimming pool, and not the Olympic ones either; the crappy ones which people periodically urinate in.

Before a few months ago I never really considered myself a critical person and certainly not when it came to anime. For me, it was a medium which allowed me to turn my brain off and enjoy the pretty colours. Heck, I even enjoyed both Sword Art Online and The Asterisk War on first viewings because of this. I only really turned my brain on after reading some fantastic books a friend bought me about the anime industry and the work of prominent directors (including Hayao Miyazaki) and I realised just how much there is in this medium to talk about and analyse.

I guess what I’m trying to do here is say I understand how dreadfully pointless this first post is but I hope to convey a bit of passion and a light dusting of entertainment which is present in my writing.